Common Assessment and analysis of risk in global supply chains
As one of ISL’s security research projects, CASSANDRA - Common Assessment and Analysis of Risk in Global Supply Chains, funded by the EU Commission’s 7th Research Framework Programme, was successfully completed in spring 2014. CASSANDRA took into consideration the different needs and requirements for the increased security of international container transport movements on the part of the companies involved on the one hand and government agencies on the other hand. The project focused in particular on transparency within the supply chain to improve international transport with respect to border controls and trade regulations, at the same time as guaranteeing a very high level of security. The aim of CASSANDRA was to improve security by optimizing the visibility of the already existing information. To do this, 26 partners from 10 different European countries worked together with a focus on electronic data traffic to develop a new data sharing concept on the basis of a risk-based approach for businesses and authorities. This approach was pursued because the effectiveness of controls can be significantly improved if inspections can be focused exclusively on potentially risky container movements, while trustworthy transport operations can be handled more quickly and cheaply. The possibility of assessing the risks in more detail therefore optimizes the demands for more security along the transport chain.
To be able to efficiently exchange more secure and more reliable data on the whole supply chain, harmonization was required of the systems operated by the logistics and IT companies involved, as well as the customs and border control authorities, not to mention the different players involved in the ports. The most important innovation derived from this project in this context is the development of a Data Pipeline for exchanging information along the whole supply chain, to enable the establishment of an open, flexible and standardized communications setup. Furthermore, Dashboards to support businesses and customs for risk management and supply chain visibility have been implemented. Another significant building block of CASSANDRA is the Piggy-backing Principle. Businesses can share supply chain data for risk management, and the same data can be optimally re-used for governmental purposes. The existing data paths and data channels have been investigated in so called Living Labs, in an exemplary way for the three global trade routes: Asia-Europe, Europe-USA, and Europe-Africa. The Living Lab Europe-USA for instance involved ISL working together with the Bremen Senator for Economy, Labour and Ports, and dbh logistics IT AG, in analyzing the data traffic at the Bremerhaven container terminal. Special attention has even been paid to the Data Accuracy and the restrictions specified by businesses with respect to data exchange and data security.
In future, follow-up opportunities for CASSANDRA lie in the Smart and Secure Trade Lanes pilot project between EU and China and in the collaboration with the EU project CORE, which just started in May 2014.